Diseases

Intestinal inflammation

Intestinal inflammation

Inflammation of the intestine: colitis and ileitis

Intestinal inflammation can be present individually or in combination in the different sections of the intestine and can be acute or chronic. The causes are varied and the course of intestinal inflammation can be acute or chronic.

Small intestinal infections often occur as Ileitis in the area of ​​the bowel (ileum), if the stomach is also affected, it is an enteritis. Under one Colitis is an inflammation of the colon that is usually referred to as colon inflammation, even in a medical context. At a Ileocolitis on the other hand, the small and large intestine are affected, whereby the inflammatory process begins directly in the ileum (e.g. Crohn's disease) or can arise from the colon (e.g. ulcerative colitis).

Synonyms

Inflammation of the intestine, intestinal inflammation, inflamed intestine.

Causes

Colon inflammation often arises from the spread of the triggering germs in enteritis. Circulatory disorders in the intestine, diverticulitis and renal insufficiency are also possible triggers. After antibiotic therapy or the administration of cytostatics, individual bacterial strains can overgrow (see also intestinal dysbiosis) pseudomembranous colitis leads. The causes of chronic inflammatory bowel diseases Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are still considered to be unknown. Autoimmune processes are probably involved in the development.

Symptoms

Depending on the cause and location of the inflammation, you may experience abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and fever. The general state of health cannot be down to greatly reduced. Sometimes there is blood and / or mucus in the stool (blood in the stool).

Therapy

Therapy depends on the cause, underlying disease and extent of the inflammation. In the case of severe diarrhea or vomiting, the main thing to watch out for is the intake of fluids to prevent internal dehydration. (Dipl.Päd. J.Viñals Stein, naturopath)


(Photo 1: Stephanie Hofschlaeger / pixelio.de)

Author and source information


Video: Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Improving Quality of Life. Qu0026A (October 2020).