Magnesium reduces the risk of diabetes: Magnesium deficiency a cause of diabetes?
In addition to unhealthy eating habits and a lack of exercise, magnesium deficiency is another key factor in the development of diabetes, Kim Dae Jung and colleagues from the University of North Carolina (USA) report in the journal Diabetes Care.
In a comprehensive study, researchers from the University of North Carolina confirmed the results of previous studies and identified magnesium deficiency as a major risk factor for diabetes. When magnesium is insufficient, insulin has a worse effect, which favors the insulin resistance that is typical of adult diabetes (type 2 diabetes), according to Kim Dae Jung and colleagues. In addition, inflammation levels in the blood tend to increase with low magnesium levels, the US scientists explained.
Magnesium Concentration Affects Diabetes Risk As part of their study, Kim Dae Jung and colleagues studied the eating habits and blood values in 4,497 Americans between the ages of 18 and 30 over a period of 20 years. The US researchers found that the people with the lowest magnesium intake and blood magnesium concentration developed diabetes significantly more frequently than the study participants with the best magnesium supply during the study period. The test subjects, who were well supplied with magnesium, had stated that they regularly consumed foods rich in magnesium, such as whole grains, or ingested the mineral with the help of additional preparations. This resulted in a 47 percent lower risk of diabetes compared to the poorest magnesium-equipped study participants, the researchers from the University of North Carolina report.
Insulin works worse for magnesium deficiency As the cause of the increased risk of diabetes in magnesium deficiency, the US scientists suspect a connection between the effect of insulin and the magnesium concentration in the blood. With insufficient magnesium supply, the insulin, which acts as a key hormone in sugar metabolism, has a worse effect, which increases the risk of insulin resistance. This in turn is the cause of the frequently occurring type 2 diabetes. With the results of her study, Kim Dae Jung and colleagues confirm the results of earlier studies, which also found that magnesium can improve the effectiveness of insulin and that a magnesium deficiency can promote the occurrence of diabetes.
Magnesium deficiency increases inflammation levels in the blood In addition, the US researchers at the University of North Carolina were able to show that the low magnesium level also increases the inflammation levels in the blood. Not only does the magnesium deficiency increase significantly with the magnesium deficiency, but due to the increased inflammation levels in the blood, those affected are also more frequently subject to vascular damage and heart attack, the US scientists report. "This confirms that a magnesium deficiency not only promotes (...) diabetes itself, but also complications of the metabolic disorder of the heart and blood vessels," said the Gesellschaft für Biofaktoren (GfB) on the basis of the current study results. In order to prevent magnesium deficiency, the non-profit organization of magnesium supply recommends paying more attention. GfB emphasized that magnesium is mainly contained in whole grains, nuts and legumes and can be taken in with the help of additional preparations if necessary.
Symptoms of Diabetes Diseases Type 2 diabetes usually develops gradually over years. At the beginning of the disease there are often non-specific symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, visual disturbances and more frequent infections. If hypoglycaemia sets in, tremors, excessive sweating, inner restlessness and nervousness are the first noticeable signs for those affected. If you find the symptoms yourself, you should urgently see a doctor who will check your blood sugar level with a short examination and determine whether there is a possible diabetes disease. Type 2 diabetes is relatively widespread, especially in the industrialized countries. In Germany, around 10 percent of the population (8 million people) suffer from so-called adult diabetes (type 2 diabetes). (fp)
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