287 billion euros in health expenditure in 2010
Health care expenditure reached its previous record high of EUR 287 billion in 2010. Around 3,510 euros per person were spent on health in Germany, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) in Wiesbaden said on the occasion of today's World Health Day.
According to the Federal Statistical Office, health expenditure in 2010 corresponded to a share of 11.6 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) in Germany. Compared to 2009, expenditure rose by 8.9 billion euros or 3.2 percent, according to Destatis. In relation to health expenditure per inhabitant, an increase from 3,400 euros in 2009 to 3,510 euros in 2010 was observed.
Health expenditure reaches its previous high with EUR 287.3 billion. Health expenditure reached its previous high in 2010. Although the increase of 3.2 is within the scope of the average increase in expenditure from 2000 to 2009 (three percent), in the long term health care costs are threatening to become a serious test for our social and economic system. The increase in expenditure is clearly above the annual economic growth (increase in GDP), so that inevitably the limit of what can be achieved will be reached at some point. According to the Federal Statistical Office, the largest share of current health expenditure was borne by the statutory health insurance companies. Statutory health insurance paid 165.5 billion euros, or 59 percent, of health expenditure, with expenditure rising by 2.9 percent, or just under five billion euros, compared to the previous year.
Massive increase in spending on social long-term care insurance According to the Federal Statistical Office, the highest overall increase in expenditure in health care was recorded for social long-term care insurance at six percent (increase by 1.2 billion to 21.5 billion euros). "The second largest increase was seen by private households and non-profit organizations," Destatis reports in the report "Health expenditure in 2010 rose to around EUR 287 billion". Here, expenditure rose by around 1.6 billion euros (4.3 percent compared to 2009) to 39 billion euros in 2010. Outpatient health care facilities were by far the top recipients of payments. Almost "every second euro of expenditures for goods and services in health care was spent in outpatient health care facilities," according to the Federal Statistical Office. Of the outpatient facilities, 43.1 billion euros went to medical practices and 40.9 billion euros to pharmacies. Out of the total volume of expenditures, the outpatient care facilities (plus 7.6 percent) and the practices of other medical professions (e.g. physiotherapists, occupational therapists and speech therapists) with 5.2 percent were the most significant percentage increases compared to 2009.
Inpatient care is an important cost factor One of the most important cost factors in health care is the inpatient area, which includes hospitals, nursing homes and preventive and rehabilitation facilities. According to Destatis, the total expenditure here rose by four percent to 104.2 billion euros and the (partially) inpatient facilities today account for 36 percent of the total health expenditure, with the majority going to the clinics (74.3 billion euros). not applicable. The expenditure in the area of clinics has recently been the cause of controversy about the future structure of medical care in Germany. Various experts also called for greater networking of outpatient and inpatient care and discussed the closure of clinics to reduce costs.
Comparability of health expenditure The data presented by the Federal Statistical Office correspond to the concept developed by "the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)" that enable international comparability of health expenditure Destatis reports. The expenditure therefore takes into account "all goods and services with the aim of prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and care, the costs of administration and investments by the health care facilities". Expenses that are spent on research, training or to cover follow-up costs due to illness are not taken into account here. For this reason "the health expenditure in the health expenditure bill deviates from the expenditure of the individual social insurance institutions, in particular the statutory health insurance," according to the Federal Statistical Office. (fp)
Rise in health expenditure in Germany
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