Mental illnesses cause more and more sick reports
More and more people suffer from mental illnesses such as burnout, depression or neuroses. This emerges from the "Health Report 2012" of the statutory health insurance DAK. While back pain, abdominal pain and respiratory diseases are still the most common causes of absenteeism, mental illnesses are catching up. Employees are absent on average for 30 working days.
Record high in mental illnesses In Hesse last year, the DAK analyzed the sick leave of around 224,000 employed insured persons in more detail. The sickness rate was 3.7 percent in 2011, the highest in the past 15 years. In the previous year it was slightly below 3.5 percent. The health insurance company determined that 37 out of 1,000 employees were reported sick each day.
12.9 percent of all days lost are caused by mental illnesses. "Mental illnesses are increasing more and more," explained Uwe Senfleben from the DAK. In 2010 it was 11.5 percent. In Hesse, a person affected is missing around 30 days in the company, according to the DAK. "Job and leisure are increasingly linked," reported Senfleben. "It can't be ignored." Because of cell phones and other new media, it is difficult for many workers to really finish work. Recovery from a mental illness often takes longer. It is striking that in the group of 60- to 65-year-olds, significantly more employees are affected by mental disorders. "The older the workers, the more vulnerable they become," said the expert.
According to the DAK health report, women are 16.3 percent more likely to suffer from mental illnesses at work than men are only 11 percent. For women, mental illnesses rank third after inability to work after musculoskeletal and respiratory diseases. In men, they take fourth place after musculoskeletal disorders, injuries and respiratory diseases.
Risk of a heart attack due to mental suffering Stress at the workplace also increases the risk of a heart attack. Influencing factors are above all overtime and time pressure, especially if the employees are dissatisfied with their salary and lack recognition.
The Association of Patients sees a connection between work and mental illness. "The job market has become sharper," President Christian Zimmermann told the news agency "dpa". "Employees can come in stressful situations that can trigger mental illnesses." However, business associations warn not to see such a connection quickly.
Graduate social pedagogue Gritli Bertram knows the problem from her everyday work: “Particularly in social or nursing professions, workers are sometimes so challenged that many work at their limit for years. In addition, there is often a lack of sleep, which is triggered by a disturbed sleep rhythm through the alternation of day and night shifts. However, many simply cannot manage to switch off after work. ”It is therefore not surprising that the DAK, at 4.1 percent, determined the second highest sickness rate after economic groups in the healthcare sector. (ag)
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