Stress at work: More and more workers are missing due to mental illness in the workplace
In 2010, the Germans missed a total of 53.5 million days at work due to mental illness. According to a small request from the "Die Linke" parliamentary group to the Federal Government, the number of days off due to mental illness has increased massively in recent years. The black-yellow coalition sees no need for action to initiate laws against stress at work.
Over 53.5 million job losses caused sick leave due to mental illness and behavioral problems in the past year. According to the Federal Government, which responded to a request from the Left Party, the reasons for this are different. According to a study by the Federal Ministry of Labor, the Germans were still 33.6 million days away in 2001. In 2010, the number of mentally related sickness reports rose to 53.5 million days off. According to the long-term comparison, the proportion of mental illnesses in the total volume of sick leave rose from 6.6 to 13.1 percent. "They form the third and fourth most important group of diseases within the disease type statistics. The spread of mental disorders differs greatly according to economic groups and professional activity. ”
Insecure employment and stress
The main reason for this development is increased demands in the workplace. Employees would have to show “more flexibility” in increasingly insecure employment relationships. In many cases there are no continuous employment relationships. This development particularly affects people from the temporary employment sector. "Many agency workers have to work under framework conditions that can have a negative impact on health," as the study says. In addition to workers, unemployed people are also increasingly suffering from mental illnesses. The study reads: “The risk of becoming mentally ill is higher among the unemployed than among the employed. Mental disorders are the primary form of illness in the unemployed. ”
Women affected more often
Women are overly affected in gender comparison. In 2010 alone, 39,000 women had to retire because of a mental illness such as depression or burnout. Ten years earlier, there were 19,500 people affected, which corresponds to a doubling of the number of cases. “Compared to men, mental illnesses are diagnosed more often in women. In women, this group of diseases is usually in 3rd place, in men in 4th place of the causes of the illness. ”Among the individual diagnoses, the“ depressive episodes ”accounted for the majority of long-term illnesses. The average length of sick leave here was 54.1 days.
According to a newspaper report, despite the measurable increase, the federal government sees no need to install new laws against stress at work. First of all, "broaden the level of knowledge and knowledge". Only then should it be "decided whether specific protective measures will be taken," as the Federal Government replied. In contrast, the Bundestag member of the left, Jutta Krellmann, calls for the legislator to intervene quickly. The politician suggests measures to curb temporary agency work, to regulate the allocation of fixed-term contracts and to introduce an anti-stress regulation. (sb)
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