Prevent underestimated risks with proper oral care
Hormone fluctuations, changing moods, cravings - pregnancy brings about physical changes that do not spare your teeth and gums. The oral cavity is particularly sensitive to hormonal changes, which, among other things, result in increased acidic salivation and morning sickness. Frequent side effects in expectant mothers: bleeding gums. If left untreated, periodontitis can develop, which also affects the health of the baby via the mother's blood. Pregnant women must take their oral hygiene very seriously and prevent bacterial inflammation.
From the start, regular visits to the dentist create the ideal conditions for a pregnancy without complications. Dentists check teeth and gums, remove germinating caries and treat possible areas of inflammation. They also instruct their patients on correct prophylaxis. “A lack of oral hygiene favors bleeding gums - a typical symptom of so-called pregnancy gingivitis. Regardless, it triggers periodontitis, which in the worst case leads to tooth loss, ”warns Dr. Jens Thomsen, dentist and prophylaxis expert at Oral-Prevent in Hamburg. In addition, studies have shown that chronic gingivitis of the mother increases the risks of premature birth and underweight newborns by more than seven times. Expectant mothers reduce these dangers with effective domestic oral hygiene, for example by cleaning the interdental spaces. “Because toothbrushes do not reach the entire surface, interdental brushes are the most important cleaning utensils alongside conventional brushes. When used daily, they minimize gingivitis, ”emphasizes Dr. Thomsen.
In addition to interdental brushes (e.g. from Oral-Prevent), soft toothbrushes are also important cleaning utensils. Bristles that are too hard or worn quickly lead to gum injuries. Since pregnancy is associated with increased blood flow to the mucous membrane in connection with a loosening of the tissue, the gums are particularly sensitive anyway. "Expectant mothers should also pay attention to toothpaste containing fluoride when brushing their teeth, because fluorine builds up on the tooth surface, makes it resistant and avoids bacterial attack points," added the prophylaxis expert. The body produces more acidic saliva during pregnancy, which attacks the enamel. Women who suffer a lot from nausea and vomit frequently should not brush their teeth immediately afterwards because the strong acid attacks the enamel. Rinse your mouth with clear water or a fluoride mouthwash and rinse half an hour later.