Study on adult health in Germany
According to a study by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), the incidence of illnesses in mental illness has increased significantly in Germany. It became clear that people with a high income pay their wealth more with burnout syndrome and that low-income earners suffer excessively from depression.
Mental illnesses are becoming a major social problem in Germany. The “prevalence of mental illnesses” has increased significantly according to the “Study on Adult Health in Germany” (DEGS) by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), according to the researchers' main conclusion. It was found that more than 30 percent of those questioned had suffered from a mental disorder or disorder in the past twelve months. The incidence of illness was highest among young people. The 18- to 35-year-olds had a prevalence of 45 percent. While women mostly suffered from phobias, anxiety disorders and depression, men were mainly affected by addictions. Only a few of the sufferers could be treated therapeutically. About 30 percent of those affected said they were in medical or therapeutic hands because of their mental illness. Many of the study participants only did this if the disorder had already reached a significant disease level and everyday life was restricted. Most also started outpatient or inpatient therapy years after the onset of suffering.
The rich suffer from burnout and the poor suffer from depression
In this context, it was interesting to note that clear differences in the diseases among the different income groups were determined. 14 percent of participants with a low household income initially suffered from depression, while people with a high socio-economic status were only depressed in 4.6 percent of the cases. In return, rich people with 5.8 percent mostly suffered from burnout syndrome. People with a low income were only “burned out” in 2.6 percent of the cases.
Numerous evaluations by health insurance companies in recent years have shown a significant increase in absenteeism due to mental illness. The DEGS study also found that depression and the like are associated with a high risk of absenteeism. According to this, one in three affected study participants stated that they had been on sick leave for three to four days in the past four weeks due to a mental illness. If the test subjects were affected by several disorders at the same time, the number of sick days multiplied to around 12 days per month.
Between 2008 and 2011, around 7,800 adults between the ages of 18 and 80 were surveyed using a questionnaire to determine the results. In order to ensure the representative findings, interviews and extensive physical examinations of the test subjects by doctors were carried out. In addition to the interview, blood pressure and pulse were also measured, a urine and blood sample was taken, the volume of the thyroid gland was evaluated, an exercise test and physical and cognitive function tests were carried out. A detailed publication of the study results covering all topics will be published in the next year 2013 in issue 5/6 of the Federal Health Gazette. (sb)
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