Many adults have ADHD and are unaware of it
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (AHDS) is being diagnosed with increasing frequency in adults as well. Many senior citizens have been living with ADHD for years without being aware of it, explained the chief physician of child and adolescent psychiatry at the Borromean mother's clinic in Trier, Dr. Alexander Marcus, opposite the news agency "dpa". ADHD can have a major impact on people's professional and private lives. For example, many patients suffer from drug addiction or a non-constant professional life.
ADHD is generally considered to be a mental illness in children and adolescents, which disappears on its own with increasing age. But this is not necessarily the case. Today, according to the experts, more and more adults suffer from ADHD - often without knowing about their illness. It is not uncommon for ADHD to have a significant impact on the résumé of the person concerned, which can manifest itself, for example, in increased drug addiction or unstable professional careers. With therapeutic support, however, adult ADHD patients can be helped, explained Dr. Alexander Marcus.
Up to three percent of adults suffer from ADHD According to the chief physician of child and adolescent psychiatry at the Trier Clinic nationwide, two to three percent of adults have pathological difficulties with concentration and attention. In children, Dr. Marcus' share to five to six percent. Only in the past few years have the experts become aware that "ADHD also plays a major role in adulthood," the expert explained. Originally, it was assumed that ADHD subsided with the end of puberty. Today, on the other hand, it is clear that the noticeable motor unrest is decreasing, but the "inner tension, this distractibility, this unrest, the ability to deal with something not permanently" remains, the doctor continued. Most of those affected can be helped with a combination of psychotherapeutic treatment, medication and counseling. However, an appropriate diagnosis is required.
Possible signs of ADHD Indications of ADHD in adults can, according to the 61-year-old chief physician of the children. and adolescent psychiatry, for example, are the erratic behavior of those affected. Adolescents who keep dropping out of their education and starting another, housewives who are constantly pursuing new jobs without completing one of them, or professionals who change their jobs conspicuously often - all of these can be signs of ADHD. Those affected are constantly putting pressure on themselves and think that they are not doing anything, but they have "done a tremendous amount, just finished nothing," says Dr. Marcus, who currently cares for over 100 ADHD patients in his clinic. In addition, adults with ADHD are at an increased risk of drug addiction and the legal conflicts, because "it is simply tried out without being aware of the possible consequences," said the expert. The offenses could also occur in other ways, for example if the business simply forgot to pay. ADHD may also be the reason here. Actually, those affected wanted to pay normally, but they simply forgot to do so due to their lack of concentration up to the point of sale. "Nobody believes that, of course," explained Dr. Marcus.
ADHD also causes problems in dealing with emotions A higher intellect helps those affected to compensate for their ADHD-related difficulties for longer, but at some point the typical complaints also occur here, reports the expert. Although the patient has had the disease since childhood, "the smarter someone is, the later it will be noticed," emphasized Dr. Marcus. During their studies, for example, those affected eventually reach their limits when studying for an exam. "Then suddenly it's no longer possible. You can't do that, ”explained the chief physician from Trier. ADHD could also mean much more for the patients than a reduced concentration and attention. According to the expert, those affected often have "a huge problem" to regulate their emotions. For no apparent reason, "they are suddenly sad, angry, angry, or anxious," said Dr. According to the expert, ADHD patients often have problems following conversations and often forget important appointments.
ADHD therapy in adults A therapeutic treatment can help most, however, and adult ADHD patients still find it difficult to find a doctor to treat their symptoms. “There are still too few” doctors for adult ADHD treatment, Dr. In 2010, the research association for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) psychotherapy in childhood and adulthood conducted a study that came to the conclusion that the treatment methods for treating ADHD “well-established in childhood and adolescence also make sense in adults” be. However, ongoing drug therapy from adolescence to adulthood is viewed critically. The long-term consequences of continuous treatment with the common active ingredient methylphenidate (Ritalin) have so far been unclear. So far, it is difficult to estimate which side effects are threatened by the decades of use.
Questionable prescribing practice for ADHD medication Ensuring the diagnosis of ADHD is particularly important due to the subsequent medication that will last for years if in doubt. It was not without reason that the Federal Joint Committee (G-BA) spoke out in 2010 for a change in Ritalin's prescribing practice. Too often, this was based on incorrect diagnosis. According to the G-BA, general practitioners should therefore no longer decide on the prescription of medicinal products containing methylphenidate without additional training. (fp)
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Image: Gerd Altmann, Pixelio