Antiperspirants help against excessive armpit sweat
Many people react to emotional stress by sweating profusely. Whether in the office or at the first meeting with the adored - sweat stains under the armpits are perceived as uncomfortable and embarrassing. In addition to medical solutions, antiperspirants should help, because conventional deodorants usually fail when sweating profusely.
With excessive armpit sweat, many deodorants fail. Hendrik Cramer knows the problem. In the event of excitement or stress, he reacts with excessive sweating, "until the shirt is sweaty," reports the 42-year-old civil engineer from Hamburg. He is so embarrassed now that he always has a shirt to change with him. "Who wants to sit next to a colleague dripping with sweat?" Since Hendrik Cramer suffers from pathological, excessive sweat production (hyperhidrosis), he takes a so-called antiperspirant, which is said to significantly reduce the flow of sweat. “I had to try different means until I found the right one for me. Since then I've not only been sweating much less, but also feeling more comfortable overall. ”His dermatologist advised him very well.
Many conventional deodorants meanwhile promise not only to avert the smell of sweat, but also to completely prevent sweating under the axles, so that the customer can feel safe. It is questionable whether this psychoeffect actually occurs when the corresponding deodorants are used. "But there are studies on whether certain deodorants are actually antiperspirant," explains Heike Diekmann from Stiftung Warentest. In the past year, an investigation on consumer protection on this topic appeared in the magazine "test" (edition 07/2011). Diekmann accompanied the comparative study of 16 deodorants, whose manufacturers promise a pleasant fragrance and a reduction in sweat flow. According to the results of the Stiftung Warentest test, all sprays prevented unpleasant body odor. "All deodorants pack quite well, even if you continue to sweat," assures the expert. However, just under two thirds of the deodorants tested significantly reduced the sweat flow. According to Diekmann, the test subjects were only “normal sweaters”. "It may be that such a deodorant is not enough for particularly heavy sweat."
Apply antiperspirants in the case of excessive armpit sweat before bedtime. Those who, like Hendrik Cramer, suffer from so-called hyperhidrosis, excessive perspiration production, can obtain medical advice from the dermatologist. To treat the problem, tablets, so-called anticholinergics, are used or even surgical interventions are carried out on the sweat glands. Botox can also be injected into the affected parts of the body. The disadvantage of these therapies is often severe side effects. Professor Christian Raulin, dermatologist from Karlsruhe, expressly warns against such operations, since they rarely stop sweating completely anyway. "Antiperspirants, on the other hand, have proven to be the simplest, cheapest and most effective means," reports Raulin.
Antiperspirants contain the active ingredient aluminum chloride. "This normalizes and regulates the sweat gland execution channels," explains the dermatologist. They are available as a spray, in liquid form or as a cream.
Deodorants that have an antiperspirant effect also contain aluminum chloride, albeit in a significantly lower concentration. In the case of pure antiperspirants, the proportion is usually more than 20 percent, adds Raulin. Another advantage of pure antiperspirants is the additional composition. They are mostly fragrance-free because they are not used to prevent the smell of sweat during the day. "It is important to use it before going to bed," explains the expert. Since the sweat glands are immobilized at night, the active ingredient can then penetrate better. "If the antiperspirant fits perfectly, it is possible that even heavy sweaty people will no longer have wet armpits after two to three days," he reports. Although the remedy narrows the sweat glands the more aluminum chloride it contains, Raulin recommends economy. "You have to apply it very thinly."
Antiperspirants can lead to inflammation The dermatologist expressly points out that antiperspirants can also have side effects. Most often there is tingling or itching on the skin. However, inflammation can occur - albeit rarely. "The higher the aluminum chloride content, the more it burns and irritates." Raulin therefore recommends antiperspirants that do not contain alcohol. "Water-based solutions are good, gel-like things." If the affected skin feels dry and no longer sweaty when wet, the application should be suspended.
“If the skin is already irritated, you shouldn't use antiperspirants at all. At least those affected should first speak to a dermatologist, ”says Ursula Sellerberg of the Federal Chamber of Pharmacists in Berlin. As Sellerberg further reports, dermatologists can also prescribe medicines that are individually made for the patient in the pharmacy. The regulations for cosmetics would also apply to these highly concentrated solutions. “This means that they have to be applicable every day without harming them,” explains the pharmacist. There is no need to fear that the blockage of the sweat glands leads to a disturbance in the metabolism. “Sweating is used to equalize the temperature, but we don't just sweat under the arms. The body can regulate this in another way, ”explains Sellerberg. Armpit sweat is sometimes uncomfortable, but it is a completely natural body function. Heike Diekmann also agrees and warns against too intensely dealing with your own sweat flow. "You can't overdo it. Otherwise you start to think you are sick just because you sweat a little more in summer than usual. ”
Diseases can cause sweating
Sometimes, however, an organic disease is the cause of the increased sweating. These include diseases of the nervous system such as Parkinson's disease, myocardial infarction, circulatory disorders, Graves' disease, liver diseases such as hepatitis and cirrhosis, kidney diseases such as nephritis, nephrolithiasis, shrinking kidney and wandering kidney, pulmonary tuberculosis, chronic bladder catarrh, chronic bronchitis, rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatoid disease, and infectious diseases with tumors Spinal cord and spinal inflammation (myelitis). In addition, taking certain medications such as neuroleptics and salicylic acid can cause excessive sweating. (ag)
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