Rich countries are increasingly shifting use and production to poorer countries
In the developing countries, more and more harmful chemicals are used and manufactured. According to the current UN environmental program, UNEP, the rich industrial nations are increasingly shifting the use of chemicals to poorer countries. Around a million people die worldwide every year from the effects of chemicals.
The production and use of chemicals in developing countries is causing increasing environmental and human risks. The production and use of the highly toxic pollutants are deliberately shifted from the rich countries to poorer areas because environmental protection regulations in the poor countries are often not available or are interpreted less strictly. The UNEP chairman warned in the current report of the UN organization: "The benefits that chemicals can bring should not be at the expense of human health and the environment".
Only a few chemical substances are examined in detail
Of the approximately 140,000 chemicals currently on the market, according to the report "only a very few are examined for possible damage to human health and pollution for the environment". Poisoning from industrial and agricultural chemicals is one of the most common causes of death worldwide. According to the report, around one million people die from the toxins each year. The production of chemical substances will increase rapidly by 2020. Particularly affected by this are "the Middle East and Africa". The UNEP based in Nairobi (Kenya) determined an increase in the regions of over 40 percent. Ascending trend.
UNEP widely estimates that the massive damage to pesticides alone means greater economic damage to sub-Saharan countries than all development aid to basic medical care. Although governments, corporations and international agreements have ensured that chemical use is carried out “with more responsibility” in recent years, progress is not enough to actually protect people and the environment. "Chemical management is too slow," concludes UNEP. (sb)