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According to the WHO, around 350 million people worldwide suffer from depression
Depression is a growing global problem. In a recent report, the World Health Organization (WHO) concludes that around 350 million people worldwide suffer from depression. But because of the stigma that is often associated with depression, many do not admit that they are sick and therefore do not receive medical treatment, the WHO report.
"We have some very effective treatments for depression, but unfortunately less than half of people with depression get the care they need," said Dr. Shekhar Saxena, director of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse at WHO. The proportion of appropriately treated patients is even below ten percent in some countries. Therefore, improving access to treatment is one of the main concerns of WHO.
Depression: complex interaction of social, psychological and biological factors According to the WHO experts, depression can be distinguished from the usual mood swings and is characterized by a lasting feeling of grief for two weeks or longer. The ability to work at work, at school or at home is severely restricted. The disease results from a "complex interaction of social, psychological and biological factors", whereby there is also a connection between depression and physical health, according to the WHO report. For example, cardiovascular disease can lead to depression and vice versa. Framework conditions such as economic pressure, unemployment, disasters and conflicts also increase the risk of depression, according to the World Health Organization.
At early diagnosis, depression can be treated well. In the worst case, depression ends in the suicide of the patient. The WHO reports that a large part of the almost one million suicides per year are committed by people diagnosed with depression. Depression is also often a recurring illness, which over the years leads to the longest periods of incapacity to work. With early diagnosis, however, successful treatment can often be achieved with the help of psychosocial and drug therapies. The current WHO study on the global development of depression was presented to the public on Wednesday at the International Mental Health Day. (fp)
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