The number of Caesarean section births in Germany has doubled within 20 years
As the Federal Statistical Office in Wiesbaden (Destatis) announced on Thursday, the number of Caesarean section births increased by 0.2 percent last year. In 2011, 32.1 percent of the 654,243 children born saw the light of day by Caesarean section. 20 years ago, the proportion of Caesarean section births was only half as large. Critics don't always see medical necessities as the reason for a caesarean section. Often it is the parents themselves who want to set the exact date of birth or who consider natural birth to be more strenuous.
Saarland frontrunner in Caesarean section births As Destatis further reports, there are major regional differences: “The Caesarean section rate was highest in Saarland at 38.2 percent; the least caesarean section deliveries were carried out in Saxony at 23.2 percent. ”Aids such as the suction bell (vacuum extraction) or the birth forceps were rarely used in 5.5 or 0.5 percent of births last year. In a regional comparison, the suction bell was used most frequently in Berlin (8 percent) and least frequently in Thuringia (3.1 percent). "Most forceps births were in Saarland (1.2 percent of deliveries)," Destatis reported. "Very few in Berlin, Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (each 0.2 percent of the deliveries)." In Germany, pregnant women could deliver in 784 clinics from a total of 2,045 hospitals last year.
Criticism of Caesarean section births From a medical point of view, various factors can speak for a Caesarean section delivery. These include, for example, the child's transverse or pelvic end position, a particularly large head circumference, a significantly increased birth weight and acute emergency situations such as a child's lack of oxygen. However, more and more caesarean sections are performed exclusively at the request of the mother or parents. Experts are partly critical of this development, since the so-called caesarean section presents risks for both mothers and children.
According to the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA), around 32 percent of children in Germany are born by caesarean section. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), this intervention is only medically sensible at about every eighth birth. The number of Caesarean sections worldwide has increased significantly in recent years, with the BZgA saying that cultural views on childbirth are particularly crucial. An international comparison confirms this connection. For example, in the Netherlands only 16 percent of children are born by Caesarean section, although the Dutch children and mothers are not significantly healthier than the Germans. (ag)
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