Weight problems in preschool children are decreasing
On Thursday, the German Nutrition Society (DGE) handed over the 2012 nutrition report to the Federal Minister for Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection, Ilse Aigner. Among other things, the report shows that the number of overweight children has decreased significantly.
In particular, the high-sugar and low-fat diet combined with a lack of exercise is held responsible for the massive increase in weight problems among children and adolescents in recent decades. The current nutritional report now reveals a gratifying turnaround towards healthier nutrition. At the same time, the experts recorded a decline in the number of overweight children in Germany - at least in preschool age. In the view of the Federal Minister of Consumer Affairs, this positive development is also the result of intensive information and prevention measures. However, the adults apparently did not achieve this, because the proportion of overweight people remains at the same high level.
The proportion of overweight people increases in old age
While the proportion of overweight and obese children in preschool age has declined by up to three percent according to the calculations of the German Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine (obesity or obesity: decrease by 1.8 percent), 60 percent of men are still in Germany and 43 percent of women too fat. With increasing age, the proportion of overweight people increases continuously. In the age group of 70- to 74-year-olds, 74 percent of men and 63 percent of women are overweight, according to the latest nutritional report. This is mainly due to the unbalanced diet of the elderly. According to the nutritional report, it is clearly too fatty. For many men in particular, meat belongs to every meal, which usually results in high fat intake. According to the experts, they eat an average of one kilogram of meat per week, which significantly exceeds the recommendation of the German Nutrition Society of a maximum of 600 grams of meat per week. The meat consumption of women is on average just below this dietary recommendation from the DGE.
Germans eat more vegetables
In addition to the pleasing decline in weight problems among preschool children, the 12th nutrition report presented by the German Nutrition Society (DGE) on Friday in Berlin also shows a positive increase in fish and vegetable consumption. The additional consumption of 1.1 kilograms more vegetables per capita in 2012 compared to 2000 is also an expression of a trend towards "more conscious nutrition", explained Ilse Aigner. The President of the German Society for Nutrition, Professor Helmut Heseker, added: "We very much welcome this positive trend." The only downside was the drop in fruit consumption during the same period by 800 grams per head and year. Overall, however, the switch to more vegetables "leads to a better supply of some vitamins as well as secondary plant substances and fiber," explained Prof. Heseker. The expert advises that the health-promoting potential of plant-based foods will be used even more in the future. "With vegetables and fruits and whole grain cereals", consumers should "have even more access," said the DGE President. Professor Heseker recommends five servings of vegetables and fruit a day and the intake of at least 30 grams of fiber.
The nutritional report has been published for more than forty years
Since 1969, the German Nutrition Society has published the nutrition report every four years, which is the "basis for a scientifically sound assessment and assessment of the nutritional situation in Germany", according to the current DGE press release. On behalf of and with the support of the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection (BMELV), the DGE has now prepared the 12th nutrition report. In it, the researchers investigate, among other things, what and how much is eaten in Germany, what health consequences this entails, and how eating habits and care are changing. "The nutrition report in the flood of information in the food and food sector with its often complex, often confusing and contradicting statements is a well-founded and objective source of information for those interested in nutrition issues from the areas of counseling, education, media, politics, business and science" , explained Prof. Peter Stehle from the Institute for Nutrition and Food Science at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-University in Bonn, editor-in-chief of the 12th nutrition report.
Nutritional situation of the elderly
In the 12th nutritional report, the authors paid particular attention to the nutrition of the elderly, who are cared for and cared for in private households, and to the quality of the food on wheels. Overall, the 12th nutritional report consists of the five chapters “Nutritional situation in Germany; Nutritional situation of seniors with care needs in private households; Situation and satisfaction with the offer of food on wheels; Food Safety ”and“ Prevention through Nutrition ”. Thus, the report "covers many topics currently relevant to nutrition", according to the German Society for Nutrition. (fp)
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