BVKJ gives advice on taking medication in children
Children often find it very difficult to take medication. In order to improve the taste and make it easier to take, "some active ingredients can also be mixed with a juice, tea or water", reports the professional association of pediatricians in a current press release. However, the medication should never be "taken with milk or milk products or grapefruit juice", as "this can affect the processing in the body", explained Dr. Monika Niehaus, spokeswoman for the professional association of pediatricians (BVKJ) in Thuringia.
In its current communication, the BVKJ provides some information on how medication can be made easier for children. According to the experts, the little ones should, for example, “be able to concentrate fully on their intake.” Distractions, such as those caused by a television, should be avoided as far as possible so that the sick child does not easily choke. For the same reason, a sitting position or an upright upper body is also cheaper, reports the BVKJ. According to the doctors, some children up to the age of ten still have problems swallowing a tablet. Here, parents should seek advice from their pediatrician about a cheap alternative dosage form, reports Niehaus.
Children with difficulty taking medication The easiest way for children to take a liquid medication, preferably with a "good" taste, reports the BVKJ expert. Diced tablets or opened capsules are also a little easier to swallow - provided that this dosage form is suitable. Niehaus also recommends giving the children something to drink before taking so that the oral cavity is not completely dry. This will make swallowing easier. For medicines that do not have to be administered on an empty stomach, “something tasty, for example honey, can also be put on the tongue,” said the BVKJ press release. Furthermore, the aforementioned intake with juice, tea or water can be considered for some medicines. However, caution should always be exercised here. Because, for example, grapefruit juice is completely unsuitable for taking medication because it can influence the effect of the medication. The same applies to milk and milk products. Ideally, it should therefore be taken with water. Discrepancies should be discussed with the doctor or pharmacist beforehand.
Correct dosage of the medication is often difficult According to the expert, another problem with taking medication from children is the correct dosage. For example, liquid medicines should be dosed with a small measuring cup instead of tea or tablespoons, because "the latter are very imprecise and can lead to overdosing or underdosing", the BVKJ announced. Niehaus gave further tips on the use of ear and nose drops, which they said should be preheated as much as possible in the hand in order to make the use less uncomfortable. For suppositories, preheating in the hand is also recommended, since they glide better when lukewarm and rinsed with a little water, the expert explained. However, the use of creams or oils for the introduction of the suppositories is less suitable because the absorption of the active ingredient can be impaired. Vaseline may, however, be used.
Tips for taking medication in children In order to make it easier for children to take medication, according to the expert, parents should also pay attention to their body language. The parents are encouraged to take a “positive attitude because children orient themselves on them.” In addition, a four-year-old child, for example, can playfully take the medication with his doll or with a small cake decoration, under the guidance of the parents. The procedure of taking medication may also be easier if parents praise their child and possibly promise him a reward. The parents should explain to the older children how the medication helps them, said the spokeswoman for the professional association of pediatricians in Thuringia. (fp)