Care tips for blemishes
Excessive washing increases acne acne - a problem that affects most adolescents to a greater or lesser extent and against which there seem to be innumerable creams, lotions and gels to buy. But most of the products offered do little to help, instead the unsightly pimples and blackheads often remain stubborn and only disappear again at the end of puberty.
Avoiding excessive hygiene But even if there is no “miracle cure” for the blemishes - if you follow a few care tips, you can at least ensure that the skin is not additionally irritated. Because impure skin is often viewed by outsiders as a result of inadequate hygiene, which causes many adolescents to wash themselves to an excessive extent. But this is exactly where the problem lies: Because according to the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG), excessive washing with “nourishing” substances is counterproductive and often even leads to a deterioration of the skin appearance.
Use soap-free cleaning agents because normal soaps have a high pH value (8 to 10) and can irritate the skin. On their health portal "Gesundheitsinformation.de", the experts in their "leaflet: Acne" give the tip to use soap-free cleaning agents that are adapted to the pH value of the skin (5.5). In addition, antibacterial washing lotions could improve the condition of the skin in the case of mild acne, but also irritate sensitive skin - therefore less is more here too, otherwise skin irritation and dehydration of the skin can result from frequent use.
According to the information provided by the institute, the use of "light oil-in-water emulsions or moisture-storing gels (hydrogels) is fundamentally useful for skin care for acne, since greasing agents can additionally clog the pores."
Do not squeeze pimples and blackheads yourself Experts also advise against squeezing out pimples or blackheads. Because even if the skin appears to improve quickly in this way, there may be a nasty surprise in the end: “This allows the pus to penetrate deeper into the skin, causing the skin to become more inflamed. Occasional expressions do not immediately lead to scars. However, if you overdo it with expressions and don't let go of deeper pimples, this can increase the symptoms and promote scarring in the long term, ”the experts warned.
Instead, those affected should prefer to go to a medical cosmetic studio or dermatologist's office to have the pimples treated professionally and under hygienic conditions. Here, the facial skin would normally first be prepared with warm water or a steam bath to widen the pores, in the next step to open and express the pimples, which is often done with a special small instrument (comedone squeezer). According to the institute, this treatment could even be taken over by the statutory health insurance for severe acne.
Acne sometimes occurs in children and also in middle age, but adolescents and young adults are most often affected. The medical term for the so-called "pubertal acne" is "acne vulgaris" ("common" acne). During puberty, the child's body develops into that of an adult, this development being caused by hormones such as the androgen is controlled, a male sex hormone, which is also increasingly formed by the female body during puberty and among other things stimulates the skin to produce fat.
The skin fat, also called sebum, is produced by the sebum glands and is important for the skin because it keeps the epidermis supple and protects it. However, if a horny layer forms at the exit of the sebum gland, the sebum cannot drain off and instead accumulates in the skin - as a result, a blackhead develops, which - if it catches fire - develops into an acne pimple. Acne occurs primarily where there are a particularly large number of sebaceous glands: on the face, chest, back and shoulders.
How pronounced the acne is varies individually. In medicine, a distinction is made between mild, moderate and severe acne, and there are also inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne. Non-inflammatory acne is a comparatively easy form in which most people would not speak of "acne", but only "pimples" or "blackheads". (sb)