Cancer cause of death number two in Berlin and Brandenburg
Cancer is the "number two cause of death in the states of Berlin and Brandenburg," according to the Berlin-Brandenburg Statistics Office on February 4 on the occasion of World Cancer Day. According to the official figures, 8,771 citizens died of malignant tumors in Berlin in 2011. More than a quarter of the deaths in Berlin are attributable to cancer.
According to a statement by the State Office for Statistics, the diagnosis of “malignant neoplasms” was made in Brandenburg in 2011 with 7,450 deaths, which also accounted for more than a quarter of all deaths. In both Berlin (4,660 men, 4,111 women) and Brandenburg (4,187 men and 3,263 women), more men died of cancer than women. In both countries, malignant neoplasms behind diseases of the cardiovascular system are the second leading cause of death.
More than a quarter of deaths from cancer were caused by cancer in Berlin, 28 percent of all deaths in Berlin, and 26.7 percent of all deaths in Brandenburg in 2011, according to the State Office for Statistics. In both countries, the number of cancer deaths rose slightly compared to the previous year. Most of the deaths were caused by “malignant neoplasms of the digestive organs” (Berlin 2,530 deaths, Brandenburg 2,309 deaths) and “malignant neoplasms of the respiratory organs and other organs within the chest” (Berlin 2,215, Brandenburg 1,552), reports the Office of Statistics. The official press release also shows that "75,764 Berliners and 46,750 Brandenburgers" had to be treated in the hospital in 2011 because of cancer. The most frequent reason for treatment was malignant neoplasms of the larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs with 13,830 cases in Berlin and 7,126 cases in Brandenburg. According to the State Statistical Office, women were “treated as inpatients, primarily because of the diagnosis of breast cancer.” In Berlin this affected 6,295 patients, in Brandenburg 3,944 patients.
Intensifying cancer prevention, adapting treatment methods The German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) in Heidelberg also addressed the public on the occasion of World Cancer Day next Monday with a press release entitled "Cancer and Demographic Change - A Challenge". According to the experts, the increasing cancer rates of an aging society will increasingly affect Germany in the coming years. According to the chairman of the board of the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Professor Otmar D. Wiestler, this is an enormous challenge for cancer research and cancer medicine. “We have to intensify cancer prevention because prevention is a great opportunity for everyone who is young and healthy today. It is also important to adapt treatment methods for the elderly, ”says Prof. Wiestler.
Demographic change as a challenge for cancer medicine The drastic increase in cancer deaths can be seen by comparing the development of the average age and the average age of onset of cancer patients. According to the DKFZ, the mean age of cancer is 69 for men and 68 for women. Overall, life expectancy in Germany has risen in just two generations "from just 60 years by more than 14 (women) or more than 13 years (men)", reports the DKFZ. This means that most people today pass their critical age for cancer in the course of their lives. The baby boomers of the 1950s and 1960s also reached this critical age. For demographic reasons, a significant increase in cancer can be expected, but this can be counteracted by improved preventive and therapeutic measures. "The most important goal of most people is to experience the years they have gained in good health," emphasized Prof. Wiestler, adding: "Even in older age, health-conscious behavior helps to reduce the risk of cancer."
Cancer screening lowers the number of cancer deaths According to the German Cancer Research Center, "in addition to a health-promoting lifestyle, participation in early detection examinations can also help prevent cancer in old age." the number of bowel cancer cases and deaths will decrease significantly in the coming years - especially in the older age groups, ”explained Prof. Hermann Brenner from the DKFZ. A reduction in the number of annual cases of colorectal cancer can already be seen, "although an increase could actually be expected due to the demographic development." If not many Germans were really lack of preventive care, this effect could be much more pronounced. But "unfortunately, men in particular still rarely perceive early detection examinations," says Prof. Brenner. (fp)
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