Diabetes mellitus: health consequences of diabetes
Diabetes is known to most people in Germany as a so-called diabetes. Those who suffer from it must not eat everything and must take medication regularly, according to the level of knowledge among the majority of the unaffected population. However, many are unclear about the serious health consequences of diabetes in the long term.
Diabetes is shown as a metabolic disease in two different variants, type 1 diabetes, which is characterized by an absolute insulin deficiency or insufficient insulin production, and type 2 diabetes, which usually develops in the course of life and thereby on one Insulin resistance or a relative insulin deficiency. Although those affected experience their everyday life relatively symptom-free with adequate medication and compliance with corresponding nutritional restrictions, the late health effects of diabetes should not be underestimated. There is a risk of damage to the blood vessels and nervous system, which pose further serious health risks.
Diabetes damages the cardiovascular system Over time, diabetes often causes diseases of the cardiovascular system (for example, coronary heart disease) because high blood sugar permanently damages the vessels and organs. Diabetics are also increasingly suffering from hardening of the arteries, which in turn further increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. In the worst case, there is a risk of a heart attack or stroke. In order to strengthen the cardiovascular system and avoid the consequences mentioned, a moderate sports or training program is generally recommended for diabetes. Special campaigns, such as the current diabetes running program, which is also supported by "diabetesDE - German Diabetes Aid", are intended to motivate those affected to do so.
Diabetic neuropathy: nerve damage caused by diabetes But not only the cardiovascular system is often damaged in the course of diabetes, the nervous system is also affected. According to the experts' estimates, around a third of those affected develop a so-called diabetic neuropathy, which can be accompanied by abnormal sensations, sensitivity disorders, tingling in the limbs, numbness in the legs and arms as well as severe pain in the area of care of the affected nerve pathways.
Diabetic foot is often the cause of amputations The supplying nerves of the feet are particularly often damaged in diabetics, which in combination with existing impairments of the cardiovascular system or corresponding circulation problems in the feet can lead to the person affected developing a so-called diabetic foot. This always shows badly healing wounds and the tissue begins to necrotize (die off) in places. In the worst case, an amputation is required to save the patient's life. Such interventions are still among the most frequently performed amputations in Germany. With special medical foot care, the risk of a diabetic foot can be significantly reduced. (fp)
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