Vitamins get sperm on their toes: nutrients help with decreasing sperm quality in old age
Women can only postpone their desire to have children for a few years, men can continue into old age - at least that's the myth. But the biological clock also ticks when the sex is strong. The longer couples wait with their offspring, the more likely they are to remain unintentionally childless. Contrary to popular belief, it's not just women. Decreasing sperm quality due to age also often leads to an unfulfilled desire to have children. Unlike women, however, men have the opportunity to counteract this aging process by changing their lifestyle.
From the age of 35, hormone production and thus sperm quality in men slowly decrease. Testicles gradually produce less and less sperm. "In addition, the body no longer properly absorbs damaged sperm cells, which means that immobile and slow sperm can get into the ejaculate more often, thereby reducing the likelihood of egg fertilization," explains Dr. Reinhold Schaefer, urologist and medical director of the medical network Uro-GmbH North Rhine. To determine fertility, urologists examine the level of testosterone in the blood and, if necessary, arrange further tests, such as spermiograms. You test sperm samples for factors such as concentration, sperm motility, appearance, amount and pH. Possible treatments for fertility problems, such as hormone replacement therapy, surgery or artificial insemination, are best discussed with a urologist. However, changing lifestyle habits is the easiest and most gentle measure to promote the production of healthy and agile sperm cells.
Men who want to have children prefer to take care of their diet and take in natural nutrients such as vitamins, zinc, selenium and folic acid. Fruit, vegetables, nuts, whole grains and dairy products are therefore at the top of the menu for health-conscious men. Exercise also helps raise testosterone levels and get rid of excess pounds. However, the rule applies to sports: the dose makes the poison. If men overdo it with physical exercise, the body releases the stress hormone cortisol. This in turn lowers the testosterone level, which subsequently inhibits sperm production. Heat build-up on the testicles from long sitting, hot baths, sauna visits, heated seats or very tight underwear also affects sperm production. In some cases, this even leads to irreparable damage to the testicles. It is not without reason that these are outside the body, because they require 33 to 35 degrees Celsius for optimal production of the male germ cells. (pm)