Ticks become active

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Rising temperatures make ticks mobile

With the rising temperature, the ticks are gradually becoming active again, so that appropriate protection against ticks should be considered when staying in nature. In the months of May and June, experience has shown that ticks are increasingly on the move and looking for a host. In the course of a tick bite, the blood-sucking crawlers can transmit infectious diseases such as Lyme disease or early summer meningoencephalitis (viral meningitis).

The number of infections with the diseases transmitted by a tick bite has triggered growing concern throughout Germany in recent years and individual federal states have already been forced to take further measures. For example, from March 1, Bavaria issued a notification obligation for Lyme disease "in order to gain further information on the occurrence and regional distribution of this disease", according to the official announcement by the Bavarian State Office for Health and Food Safety. According to the authorities, Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne infectious disease in Germany with an estimated 60,000 to 100,000 new cases per year.

Pay attention to tick protection when staying outdoors In order to ward off the tiny bloodsuckers, all experts agree that when you are outdoors you should pay particular attention to clothing covering your body. Sturdy shoes, long trousers with tight cuffs or put in your socks are recommended here. In addition, so-called insect repellants or tick repellants (scaring agents) can also be used, although their effects are often clearly limited. Light clothing makes it easier to find the ticks after spending time in nature. Ideally, they will be discovered before they start sucking blood. At the latest when you return after a stay in nature, the body should be thoroughly checked for ticks in order to discover and remove them promptly. Because the longer the animals suck themselves in, the higher, according to the experts, the risk of a pathogen transmission.

If ticks are found that have been sucked up, they should be removed immediately using fine tweezers or special tick pliers. Squeezing the animals is urgently to be avoided, otherwise they will empty their stomach contents including pathogens into the open wound. Rotating movements when removing the ticks should also be avoided because the animal's head can easily tear off, get stuck in the wound and, in the worst case, cause inflammation of the injection site.

With regard to Lyme disease, the Bavarian State Health Office hopes not only to find out where infections occur particularly frequently in Bavaria and which population groups are particularly at risk, but also to answer the question of whether Lyme disease increases as a result of climate change. On the basis of the newly gained knowledge, the health authorities can then “educate the population in a targeted manner and also sensitize the medical profession,” according to the state health office. (fp)

Also read:
Ticks are active again
Carefully remove ticks from pets
Tick ​​risk very high in southern Germany
Doctors: Carefully remove ticks with tweezers
The tick season has started
Prevention: Don't panic about ticks
TBE and Lyme disease from tick bites

Image: Tamara Hoffmann / pixelio.de

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Video: Top 5 Tips on Preventing Tick Bites


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