Risk of sunburn not only after long sunbathing
Finally spring, finally sun - as soon as the first warm days are there, life takes place outdoors again and people are happy that some air finally comes to the body again. But if you like to sunbathe, you should pay attention to what skin type you belong to and how long you can stay in the sun without risking sunburn - this can not only be caused by lying on the beach or in the swimming pool for too long, but also simply by walking for too long in the sun, because "many are not aware that they will be in the sun as soon as they go out," Dirk Meyer-Rogge from the Professional Association of German Dermatologists (BVDD) in Berlin reports to the German Press Agency (dpa).
Do not neglect sun protection! Accordingly, sun protection should never be neglected - in the best case scenario, this means avoiding the strong sun at lunchtime and when choosing clothing, make sure that arms, legs and head are protected and sunglasses are worn. Children should also wear hats with neck protection and UV-proof clothing, advises Dirk Meyer-Rogge.
Furthermore, the use of sunscreen is essential, whereby Heike Stahlhut from the German Green Cross in Marburg recommends to dpa to apply the sunscreen 30 minutes before going out, because then the protection can work effectively as soon as the skin comes into contact with sun rays only shortly before or even directly in the air, the sun protection may not be able to develop its effect sufficiently. The expert should then be reapplied every two to three hours - whoever was in the water must renew the protection immediately after the bath or use waterproof sun protection products from the outset. According to Dirk Meyer-Rogge, this applies in particular to products with chemical filters, because creams with mineral filters would work directly - in this case, savings should not be made in using the sunscreen: "Adults should take a total of six teaspoons of sunscreen", advises Meyer- Rye, whereby the expert starts with coated teaspoons.
The skin type determines who can stay in the sun for how long without protection Who can stay in the sun without sun protection for how long without getting sunburn - nobody can influence this, but depends on the skin type. According to the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS), a distinction is normally made between six different types according to the classification developed by the American dermatologist Thomas Fitzpatrick in 1975, whereby it should be noted that "the classification of the skin types is relatively rough", so the transitions are fluid.
Differentiation between six different skin types Skin type I (“Celtic type”) refers to people with very light, extremely sensitive skin, light eyes, red-blonde hair and freckles who do not normally turn brown and quickly get sunburned.
Skin type II is the so-called "Northern European type", with fair, sensitive skin, fair hair and fair eyes, which tans only slowly and often gets sunburnt
Skin type III ("mixed type") is characterized by medium-light skin, brown hair and light to dark eyes, according to the BfS. This guy tans slowly and only gets a sunburn sometimes.
Skin type IV ("Mediterranean type"), on the other hand, can tan quickly and deeply and rarely gets a sunburn - this type usually has brownish, less sensitive skin, dark brown or black hair and dark eyes.
Skin type V ("dark skin type") is characterized by dark, less sensitive skin, black hair and dark eyes and rarely gets a sunburn.
Skin type VI ("black skin type") is characterized by black, less sensitive skin, black hair and dark to black eyes. This skin type very rarely gets sunburned.
For children in general, use products with a higher sun protection factor. Which skin type can remain in the sun for how long without being exposed to the sun before he has to expect sunburn, varies greatly: According to the BfS, the values range from less - with a UV index of eight than ten minutes for skin type I over 30 minutes and more for skin type IV up to 90 minutes and more for skin type VI. In order to be able to protect himself accordingly, the personal protection period must be known, Heike Stahlhut told dpa. If this were multiplied by the sun protection factor (SPF) of the cream, this would result in the period in which no risk was to be expected in the sun - "The calculation only goes up to a sun protection factor of 20 to 25," explains the expert. Therefore, children should generally be creamed with sun protection factor 30.
For dry skin it is better to use creams, for greasy skin more gel or spray For adults, however, according to Heike Stahlhut, sun protection factor 25 would suffice in most cases - however, in the face of Elena Helfenbein from the VKE Cosmetics Association in Berlin, at least sun protection factor 30 should always be used SPF 50 is even recommended for freckles. The best way to apply cream depends on the type of skin: While milk or lotion can be distributed easily due to the high water content and are therefore very easy to use, people with dry skin should better use creams because they contain more fat. On the other hand, if you have oily skin, Stahlhut advises you to use fat-free gels or sprays, which also have a cooling effect.
Better protection with antioxidants According to Dirk Meyer-Rogge, however, protection can be further optimized by applying antioxidants - because the active ingredients such as vitamin C, vitamin E and selenium would protect the skin against the so-called “free radicals”, which are caused by UV Radiation is created and the skin ages faster. Antioxidants are usually ingested through food (especially fruits and vegetables), but they are also available as a component of cosmetic products in pharmacies, which normally only have to be applied once per sun bath. As far as cosmetics are concerned, according to Elena Helfenbein, when using sunscreen, there is by no means no make-up - however, this should only be applied after sun protection, and in addition, day cream should not be left out. And the lips should also not be neglected, because they need special protection - here lip care sticks with sun protection factor 50 are available in drugstores or pharmacies.
In the event of a sunburn, cooling and care are important. According to Elena Helfenbein, cooling creams and after-sun products provide relief, but a wet kitchen towel is also suitable as a first aid measure. However, Dirk Meyer-Rogge strongly advises against cold packs, such as those used for cool boxes, because they could even cause frostbite. Instead, a lot of liquid should be consumed in addition to the corresponding products and a doctor should be consulted if there is severe sunburn or symptoms that become more severe. In order to take care of the burned, dry skin on the face, Elena Helfenbein recommends active ingredient concentrates and moisturizing creams. If you want to cover up the redness with make-up, the expert should use highly opaque make-up or so-called "camouflage", ie particularly resistant cosmetics, which has a higher pigment density than conventional products and therefore can withstand even weather influences or the body's own liquids. (No)