Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women and is now easy to treat. The earlier a tumor is discovered in the breast, the greater the chances of recovery. Around 80 percent of women who are ill can be successfully treated today, medical doctors report at the start of the annual conference of the German Society for Senology (DGS). Breast cancer is no longer synonymous with a death sentence. Doctors can resort to various treatment options with which the breast can often be preserved. According to the experts, there are also alternatives to breast amputation for women with hereditary breast cancer.
Breast cancer can now be treated well "Today, the diagnosis of breast cancer is by no means a death sentence," said Diethelm Wallwiener, Vice President of the DGS, at the company's annual meeting with the news agency "dpa". In most cases, the breast could be preserved and the lymph nodes under the armpits could be operated on more gently During the congress, 2,500 doctors will discuss preventive care, diagnostic procedures, treatment options and the latest research results on breast and breast cancer. With more than 70,000 new cases per year, breast cancer is the most common form of cancer among women, from a static point of view affects every eighth woman.
The chances of recovery depend largely on how early the tumor is discovered. "The earlier you discover the cancer, the better it can be treated and the more women survive," Sylvia Heywang-Köbrunner, head of the Mammography Reference Center in Munich, told the news agency. For this reason, the national mammography screening program was launched in 2005 Germany launched: women aged 50 to 69 are entitled to free breast cancer screening every two years.
So far, there are no concrete findings from the preventive medical checkup, reports Heywang-Köbrunner. "The results to date show that all parameters meet the EU guidelines, with one exception: the participation rate - because the women do not accept the offer." The experts came to a positive conclusion in a report on the progress and limits of mammography screening the precautionary measure: "A regular reduction in breast cancer mortality can be expected for the screening participant to be significantly reduced." According to data from 18 countries in which breast cancer screening is carried out, the mortality rate in the quality-assured programs is over 43 percent has been reduced.
Lifestyle plays an important role in breast cancer As Marion Kiechle, Co-President of the Congress and Director of the Women's Clinic at the Klinikum rechts der Isar at the Technical University of Munich, reports, lifestyle has a decisive influence on whether cancer actually breaks out in the event of an hereditary predisposition. Initial observations have shown that women who were physically active in their youth were less likely to develop breast cancer later in life, despite their genetic background. A hereditary predisposition does not necessarily mean that those affected must have their breasts removed as a precaution, such as the American actress Angelina Jolie. An alternative would be close, extensive preventive examinations. Genetically predisposed women have an 80 percent risk of breast cancer and a 60 percent risk of ovarian cancer.
Physical activity generally reduces the risk of breast cancer. "In the case of non-hereditary breast cancer, breast cancer, the risk of cancer and the course of the disease are decisively influenced by physical activity, nutrition and body weight," explains the expert. In addition, the risk of relapse and the death rate were reduced by physical activity by 50 percent.
Breast reconstruction in breast cancer Congress President Axel-Mario Feller points out the possibilities of breast reconstruction. "From a medical point of view, breast reconstruction is not necessary, but it has been shown that patients with a reconstructed breast generally cope better with the disease." A distinction is made between two methods: breast reconstruction with an implant or with your own tissue. "Which procedure is used for which patient not only depends on the oncological and anatomical requirements, but also has to be worked out very individually in a conversation with the respective patient," explains Feller.
The scandal about inferior implants did not result in fewer implants being used. This applies both to the aesthetic area and to breast reconstructions after cancer. However, many women would inform themselves in a more differentiated way than before. (ag)
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