Demographic change affects the number of rehabilitation measures
More and more employees need rehab. In 2012, almost 1.1 million workers were treated in rehabilitation measures. This corresponds to an increase of 25 percent compared to 2005. This means rising costs for pension insurance. But the effort is worth it - for every euro invested in rehab, the pension insurance company gets back an average of five, according to the Prognos Institute. The principle "rehab comes before retirement" applies.
Number of rehabilitation treatments increases due to the aging of the high-birth age groups Medical rehabilitation used almost 1.1 million employees last year to get fit for the job again. According to statistics from the German Pension Insurance (DRV), which is available from the Süddeutsche Zeitung, this corresponds to an increase of 25 percent in rehab treatments compared to 2005.
According to the DRV, one of the main reasons for the increase in rehab applications is demographic change. The high-birth years come at an age when diseases and restrictions in professional performance are becoming more common. The employment rate of older people is also increasing. Accordingly, it can be expected that the number of rehab applications will continue to increase in the future. According to the official figures, more than one in three people who receive medical rehabilitation measures due to problems with their muscles, skeleton or connective tissue are approved for rehabilitation.
Number of rehabilitation treatments for mental illnesses is increasing Although the number of these illnesses has decreased slightly, the diagnoses for mental disorders, for example, are increasing more rapidly. 18 percent of rehabilitation treatments for men and 22.3 percent for women took place due to mental illnesses such as depression or burnout syndrome. In 2005 it was 15.6 percent and 18.7 percent.
Only recently, an evaluation of the internal patient data of the statutory health insurance company KKH confirmed that mental illnesses could become “number one common illness” in the future. According to the commercial health insurance (KKH), in 2012 wholesale and retail sales people were on average around 43.6 days away from work due to mental health problems. In health and social work, for example in clinics or geriatric care facilities, employees had an average of 40.7 days off work in 2013. According to the health insurance fund, stress, the pressure to succeed and permanent accessibility are detrimental to health. KKH boss Ingo Kailuweit called for countermeasures to be taken together with the employers.
Rehabilitation costs an average of 3,600 euros
Almost 270,000 insured benefited from professional rehab last year. This included, among other things, retraining or a renovation of the workplace, which makes it possible to continue working in the old profession.
All in all, there was a significant increase in the number of rehab applications submitted until 2012. 461,000 more applications have been submitted in the past seven years, reaching a record 2.1 million. However, not every rehab application was approved by the DRV. In 2012, around 65 percent of the applications were accepted, the rest were rejected.
The average age of workers in whom medical rehab is necessary is 50 years. The measure takes an average of 29 days and costs 3,600 euros. In general, the principle “Rehabilitation comes before retirement” applies in the DRV. Last but not least, there are financial reasons, as an investigation by the Prognos Institute shows. "The Prognos study proves that society recovers five euros for every euro invested in medical rehabilitation," a DRV spokesman told the AFP news agency. 85 percent of employees stay in work two years after rehab.
The budget for expenditure is based on the development of gross wages for employees. Last year, 5.666 billion euros were available for this. The pension insurance had about twelve million more costs, so that the budget was exceeded for the first time.
Support from family and friends increases chances of successful rehab In autumn 2012, scientists from the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg published a study according to which the success of rehab largely depends on the support the patient receives from his relatives and friends.
The researchers led by Professor Dr. In her research, Wilfried Mau found that well-functioning social networks have a positive impact on the success of rehab treatment. The study showed that the physical quality of life of the rehabilitant and his sporting activities increase with the size of his family network. At the same time, the return to work is strengthened. (ag)
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