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WHO: Largest polio pathogen reservoir in Pakistan

WHO: Largest polio pathogen reservoir in Pakistan

WHO: Largest polio pathogen reservoir in Pakistan's Peshawar

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the Pakistani city of Peshawar is the world's largest reservoir for the polio agent. Around 90 percent of all cases in the country come from there.

90 percent of all cases from Peshawar According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the Pakistani city of Peshawar is the world's largest reservoir for the polio pathogen. Around 90 percent of all nationwide cases come from the city in the northwest of the nation. Last year, out of 91 cases from across Pakistan, 83 were due to Peshawar virus types, the organization said. And in neighboring Afghanistan, there were 12 out of 13 cases, according to the results of genetic tests. Peshawar is located near the border with Afghanistan and is the capital of the crisis province of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.

Radical Islamic groups against vaccinations The WHO has long been pushing for consistent multiple vaccinations in order to eradicate the viral infectious disease, but in recent years there have been repeated fatal attacks on vaccination teams. For some radical Islamic groups, the precautionary measures are a western conspiracy to reduce fertility among Muslims, among other things. It was not until the end of December last year that there was another attack against a polio vaccination center on the outskirts of Peshawar.

Polio (poliomyelitis) is an infectious disease caused by polioviruses that affects the muscle-controlling nerve cells of the spinal cord and can lead to permanent paralysis or death. Especially children between the ages of three and eight and occasionally older people up to adulthood are affected. After an incubation period of one to two weeks, there is an approximately three-day illness with fever, sore throat, fatigue, often diarrhea as well as nausea and vomiting. In more than three quarters of the sufferers, this so-called abortive poliomyelitis heals without consequences.

Many countries are considered polio-free The polio pathogen is to be found worldwide with the exception of the polar regions, but thanks to the consistent implementation of vaccination measures, the frequent occurrence of the disease has been restricted to a few areas. Only the three countries Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan were never free of pathogens. Many countries are considered polio-free, in Germany the last infection took place in 1990. Experts warn, however, that travelers could introduce the pathogens again. The announcement a few days ago was gratifying: polio was officially defeated in India. The country has long been considered the global epicenter for polio, but efforts to fight viral infectious disease have borne fruit. (ad)

Image: Cornelia Menichelli / pixelio.de

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Video: Eradicating polio in Pakistan, an endless battle (October 2020).