Organic goods must be clearly labeled
Everyone is talking about organic goods, so there is a correspondingly large range of food from controlled organic cultivation. Many a manufacturer of products from conventional agriculture would like to take advantage of this trend and pack their goods in an “organic way”, so that consumers cannot always tell straight away whether they are actually organic goods. In an interview with the news agency "dpa", food expert Laura Gross from the Berlin Consumer Initiative explains what makes organic food clearly recognizable.
Organic goods must be labeled with an organic inspection body number. Organic goods have not only been available in organic shops for some time. Food from controlled organic cultivation has become an integral part of the assortment of almost every supermarket. In addition, producers sell their organic goods at weekly markets.
The decisive factor in the production of organic goods is the avoidance of chemical-synthetic pesticides, the residues of which often remain on or in the food of conventional products and are sometimes harmful to health or are at least suspected of triggering allergies or even promoting cancer. In addition, the soil is not treated chemically and synthetically, so that groundwater and soil are protected. "In a circular economy, food should be produced in a way that conserves resources," explains Laura Gross about the organic concept. There are also requirements for organic farmers in animal husbandry. A company should never keep more animals than it feeds on its own feed can.
However, the nutrition expert points out: "Sometimes 'organic' is faked by the presentation." This happens frequently at weekly markets. "Just because there is something in a chip basket or a feather sticks to the egg, it is by no means an ecological product. " According to Gross, all organic traders must be able to show an organic control point number for their products. This must be assigned to the respective goods. A note with the number on the fruit crate is sufficient. In this way, the origin of the food can be traced based on the organic control point number.
Organic goods are subject to the requirements of the EU Organic Regulation. The terms used for conventional foodstuffs, which indirectly pretend organic goods, are very confusing for consumers. "From the region", controlled cultivation "or" careful production are not protected terms and, according to the food expert, do not mean that a product is an organic product. The names are also particularly opaque for chicken eggs. Eggs with the names "free range" or "free range" are not organic goods. Each egg bears a code, the first digit of which indicates the way it is kept. The number 0 means that it is an organic egg (1 = free range, 2 = free range, 3 = cage).
In general, the terms "organic", "ecological", "organic", "organic", "from controlled organic cultivation" or "organic" are protected by the EC organic regulation and thus refer to organic goods. According to Gross, goods marked in this way must at least meet the legal requirements of the EC Organic Regulation. In addition, organic goods carry the EU organic logo, which looks like a leaf with twelve white stars on a green background. The German organic seal, a green and white hexagon with the inscription "Bio", is also printed on many packaging of organic food.
"In addition, there are additional labels from organic farming associations such as Demeter, Bioland or Naturland, as well as regional organic labels and organic retail brands such as Alnatura, Naturkind or BioBio," reports the food expert. "The guidelines of the farming associations are generally stricter than the requirements of the EC organic regulation. " (ag)
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