Ebola fever in Guinea, West Africa
At least 59 people have died in a new Ebola epidemic in Guinea, West Africa. A possible spread of the highly infectious infectious disease is also feared in neighboring countries.
So far 59 deaths from Ebola Dozens of people have died in a new Ebola epidemic in Guinea, West Africa. As the Ministry of Health in the Guinean capital Conakry announced, French experts have identified the virus as the cause of a wave of diseases in the south of the country. Accordingly, 80 cases of illness have been registered so far and 59 people died from the pathogen. The first cases had already occurred in mid-February. The sufferers suffered from diarrhea, vomiting and bleeding.
Local authorities are overwhelmed As the experts in Guinea were initially unable to identify the disease, the authorities sent samples to specialists in Lyon, France. Sakoba Keita, who is responsible for disease prevention at the Guinean Ministry of Health, said that the first results from France had arrived on Friday and found Ebola to be the cause of the outbreak. A total of four administrative districts in Guinea are affected. As the local authorities are overwhelmed by the epidemic, every imaginable means is used to fight the disease together with international organizations.
International aid The aid organization Doctors Without Borders will strengthen its team on site. There are currently 24 doctors, nurses, logisticians as well as hygiene and sanitation experts working in Guinea. In order to prevent the spread of the disease, isolation centers for suspected cases were set up in the affected areas and attempts were made to find people who had contact with the infected. The organization wanted to fly 33 tons of material from France and Belgium.
Concern over possible spread in neighboring countries According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are also signs of an outbreak in the neighboring country of Sierra Leone. Several residents in border areas showed the symptoms typical of Ebola. As reported by the local health authority, the case of a 14-year-old boy is being examined. Fear of the spread of the disease is also increasing in neighboring Liberia. As a doctor in the capital Monrovia said, the danger is very likely because 80 percent of the goods sold in the country come from Guinea.
Symptoms of Ebola infection So far, the Ebola virus has only occurred in Africa. It is spread to other people via smear infections via body fluids, such as blood. The symptoms that appear after a maximum of three weeks of incubation initially resemble those of the flu. This is followed by high fever, internal bleeding, impaired liver and kidney function, bloody diarrhea, cramps, shock and circulatory breakdown. Other typical accompanying symptoms are nausea and vomiting. Those affected often bleed from all openings in the body.
No vaccination or therapy against Ebola According to the WHO, about half of the cases are fatal, with mortality depending on the strain of the pathogen. So far there is no vaccination or therapy against the virus. Comprehensive medical care can only alleviate the symptoms. Ebola was named after the river of the same name in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where it was discovered in 1976. According to the WHO, there have been around 15 epidemics in Africa with a total of more than 1,300 deaths. According to government reports, 62 people were infected in a major Congo epidemic in November 2012, of which 34 died. (ad)
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